City of Canby Park and Recreation Master Plan

Chapter 10
Preliminary Cost Estimates     


CPW developed a list of cost estimates for project recommendations. The cost estimates are intended to help the City plan and budget for park improvements as population grows. These project estimates are preliminary but are meant to provide a general estimate of costs for budgeting purposes. The Parks Capital Improvement Plan (CIP) consists of the project description, estimated project cost, and project priority (to be determined by the Parks and Recreation Board). The Parks Capital Improvement Plan will be integrated into the overall Canby Capital Improvement Plan when appropriate during the City budgeting process.


CPW consulted with other communities and public agencies in order to develop a comprehensive estimate of costs for Canby’s Parks Capital Improvement Plan. Where costs are more than one year old, we made adjustments for inflation.[1] As this document ages staff will have to continue to adjust costs as necessary.


There are a significant number of limitations involved in gathering cost estimates for park and recreation development.  

        Because detailed site designs for features such as trail and sidewalk length, feet of irrigation, and so on, will be developed in the future, quantities are highly generalized. Such design details depend on further planning and public input after the Park and Recreation Master Plan recommendations are approved.  

        Trail building, site preparation, surfacing and irrigation are the most difficult to estimate accurately without site-specific details. Accurate cost estimates are dependent on site-specific variables.  

        Site preparation cost estimates are not included, because they require significant technical expertise and on-site consulting. Such level of detail is outside of CPW’s scope of work and should take place later in the process. In many cases, this will require the involvement of landscape architects and engineers.  

        Where recommended, new development will occur on publicly owned land, so land value is not included in cost estimates. Nonetheless, land value should be factored into the true cost of site development.

Cost estimates are intended to be general guidelines for establishing priorities, staffing levels and budgeting. Before any recommendations are implemented, the City should re-evaluate these figures with more detailed site-specific cost estimates.  

Per Item Costs  

When gathering cost estimates, CPW found a wide range of prices for different facilities and equipment. CPW tried to gather cost estimates for modest equipment from vendors and contractors known for high quality and durable products, preferably in Oregon.  

In accordance with recommendation Goal 2, “Move towards standardized park and recreation amenities for ease of maintenance and aesthetics,” CPW gathered estimates for facilities similar to those in Locust Street Park . In general, Locust Street Parkís facilities are attractive and of high quality. Table 10-1 shows Locust Street Parkís development cost breakdown. Costs are from 1995 and are adjusted for inflation.  

Table 10-1
Common Park Amenities Price List
Amenity Description Price Range Source
Design Architecture and Engineering 10-15% of project cost City of Gresham and other phone interviews1
Basic Park Furnishings
Benches Recycled plastic with metal supports $540+sh Locust Street Park
Picnic Tables Recycled plastic with metal supports $540-$864 + shipping Northwest Recreation
Garbage Can & Holders Pole-mounted plastic cans $432 Locust Street Park  
Drinking Fountains   Disabled accessible, higher price for frost-free model   $1,944 Northwest Recreation  
Raised Picnic Grills Cast-iron firebox, 272 sq. inch; adjustable grate, embedded steel post $323 Kerr’s Cost Data for Landscape construction
Park Signs (entrance) Cost varies widely depending on size $756 - $1,296 Northwest Recreation  
Covered Picnic Areas   Depends on size, does not include installation   $16,200-$37,800 Northwest Recreation  
Rest rooms:         
Basic Portable ADA compliant portable   Portable Prices include weekly servicing   $82/mo.- $157/mo.   Clinkscales-Molalla
Unisex with urinal   $28,080  

Standard one toilet/sink each

Standard facilities include installation costs $37,800 Restroom Facilities
Parking Lots Approximately 40 spaces, 10,000 sq. ft. @ $2.25/sq.ft. $24,300 Parker Northwest
Trail development and gravelling Prices vary widely, accurate estimates require site visit $28,512 to $108,000/ mile Parker Northwest/Gresham

Asphalt concrete paving, 3” thick on 4” base, over 1,000 sq. ft.

$31/ sq. yard Kerr’s Cost Data for Landscape construction
Irrigation For commercial freezing areas $7,435/ acre Kerr’s Cost Data for Landscape construction
Play Equipment  
Fountain/toddler pool Includes equipment and construction $19,440-32,4002 Hall Fountains
Toddler Playground Locust Street Park approx. $31,320 Landscape Structures, Inc.
Children’s Playground Locust Street Park approx. $31,320 Landscape Structures, Inc.
Recreation Facilities
Tennis Courts 2 courts, park grade installed including nets, posts, fencing and painting $51,840 Atlas Tracks
Outdoor Volleyball Includes nets, posts, ground sleeves, footings. Does not include installation $540 Northwest Recreation
Soccer Field Includes grading and goals; varies depending on whether seeded or sodded

$17,172 - $43,848 


Kerr’s Cost Data for Landscape construction
Baseball Field Includes grading and backstop; varies depending on whether seeded or sodded

$20,412 - $47,844


Kerr’s Cost Data for Landscape construction
Swimming Pool Total project cost, 5,000 sq. ft. outdoor pool; median estimate $499,770 Kerr’s Cost Data for Landscape construction
Parking Lot Lighting   Steel poles; 20-30 ft. high   $7,560 - $9,936 Kerr’s Cost Data for Landscape construction
Sports Field Lighting Steel poles; 45’ high $15,336 Kerr’s Cost Data for Landscape construction
Tennis Court Lighting Two court battery $13,608 Kerr’s Cost Data for Landscape construction
Site and Walkway Lighting Ornamental poles; 10-15 ft. high

$5,594 - $6,696


Kerr’s Cost Data for Landscape construction

Source:  Community Planning Workshop 2000  
CPW research indicates park design costs average between 10% and 15% of the total project cost. The Locust Street Park development budget shows a significantly lower figure, which may not reflect a full range of design related costs, such as community input measures.  
Hall Fountains representatives estimate maintenance costs of about $54/month and electricity costs of $27/month when in use.

Parks Capital Improvement Plan

Not all recommendations made for the Canby parks system are for specific projects. Some recommendations are better described as goals and objectives. Goals are broad-based statements that provide a future vision for how parks should look. Objectives are potential approaches for reaching overall goals. Objectives tend to be less broad than goal statements and there may be more than one objective to satisfy a particular goal.  

Lastly, projects are particular improvements that are specified to achieve the goal, or future vision of how parks should look. Projects typically include an identified piece of property and are highly detailed. Table 10-2 shows the recommendations from Chapter 9 that represent goals rather than actual recommended projects. These goals pertain to improvements, new park and recreation development, and maintenance and operations.

Table 10-2  
Recommendations Resulting in Goals

Improvement and Maintenance Goals:

Goal 1:  Improve level of maintenance in current city parks and recreation facilities.

Goal 2:  Move towards standardized park and recreation facilities for ease of maintenance and aesthetics.

Goal 3:  Improve park and recreation signage for identification and direction.

Goal 4:  Improve universal access.

Goal 5:  Improve perception of safety in Canby’s parks and recreation facilities.

New Park and Recreation Development Goals:

Goal 6: Develop 141.2 additional acres of park and recreation facilities over the next 20 years to meet the community standard of 10 acres of developed parkland per 1,000 residents.

Goal 7: Allocate land for neighborhood parks in rapidly developing areas on edges of city.

Goal 8: Use the map generated in the August 2000 Community Forum (Figure 9-1) that identifies Canby Transportation System Plan recommendations and recommended bike and multi-use trails as a conceptual planning tool to identify potential trail connections and linkages (i.e., the “Emerald Necklace” concept) to schools, parks and other recreational sites in the Canby vicinity.

Goal 9: Develop bike lanes identified in the Canby Transportation System Plan to connect bicyclists to parks, natural areas and off-road bicycling opportunities like the Logging Road Trail.

Goal 10:  Partner with Clackamas County and/or state agencies and private property owner(s) to connect ECO Park/Logging Road Trail with the Molalla River State Park via a multi-use trail.

Goal 11: Develop a hub for Canby in cooperation with Canby Business Revitalization and the Chamber of Commerce.

Goal 12: Develop a systematic connection between the Willamette River and Canby.

Operations Goals:

Goal 13: The City should continue to work with recreation partners and volunteers to program special events or festivals within the Canby area.

Goal 14:  Utilizing recreation partners and volunteers, increase publicity of services and activities offered to the public at the Adult Center , Swim Center and other park and recreation facilities.

Goal 15:  Identify needs of and better serve the Hispanic community.

Goal 16:  Continue to work cooperatively with the Blue Heron Recreation District to provide park and recreation facilities and services to Canby-area residents. Explore opportunities to increase community support for park district funding.

Goal 17: Establish a park foundation /funding arm of the Parks Department

Goal 18:  Continue to partner with Canby Schools and State and local agencies and organizations to restore the wetland and riparian areas in Canby’s Community Park and other protected open space areas to provide high quality wildlife habitat and provide nature-based recreational and educational experiences to the community.

Source:  City of Canby and Community Planning Workshop (2000)

Table 10-3 represents the Capital Improvement Plan for the Canby parks and recreation system. The Parks Capital Improvement Plan includes only specified projects, and not park goals.

Table 10-3 lists each project, its estimated cost and the project priority. The Parks and Recreation Board will determine project priority. The costs listed in Table 10-3 are broad, yet they give an idea of project scope and allow the City to plan for each project and to wisely allocate resources.  

Table 10-3  
Parks Capital Improvement Plan
Project Estimated Cost Priority

Project 1:  Develop an Acquisition Plan and policies to be incorporated into the Canby Parks Master Plan.

$20,000 - $40,000


Project 2:  Develop Phase II of the Canby Regional Park with multiple sports fields, lighting for nighttime play, and a dual-use parking area.



Project 3:  Develop the 13th Avenue Park site as a neighborhood park with a variety of activities for area residents of all ages, possibly as part of a proposed recreation complex in partnership with the Canby School District .

$791, 200


Project 4:  Develop the Eco Park site as a nature park for recreation and nature enjoyment, possibly in conjunction with the newly acquired extension of the Logging Road Trail.



Project 5:  Acquire, protect, and restore the Molalla River Greenway on Canby Utilities property connecting Canby Community Park to Knight’s Bridge with a trail system, benches, and river access.



Project 6: Build a new swimming pool.  Explore site options for locating new pool facility.  Explore new programming/revenue options that a second body of water may present

$5-10 million


Project 7:  Develop currently owned public property designated for parks, recreation and open space as opportunities arise.

$1.6 million


Project 8:  Investigate additional natural areas, view sheds, and parkland via a Parks Acquisition Plan.

$15,000 -$25,000


Grand Total

$8.3-$13.4 million


Source:  City of Canby and Community Planning Workshop (2000)  

This Parks Capital Improvement Plan contains approximate costs for each of the specific recommended projects. These figures will be modified in the future when more detailed project planning takes place. Accurate project costs will ensure Canby of efficiently planning and allocating resources as each project is implemented.

[1] We used a consumer price index (CPI) inflation factor of 1.08 to adjust 1997 cost estimates (in 1997 dollars) to year 2000 dollars.

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